All Programs

BS in Computer Science

  Department of Computer Science

                    University of Peshawar



A Student majoring in Bachelor in Computer Science (BCS) must complete minimum of 120 Credit Hours courses. The courses list is as follows:



Semester I

Course #




Fundamentals of Computers.






Probability and Statistics



Functional English



Programming Concepts





Semester II

Course #




Programming Languages-I









Discrete Mathematics



Pakistan Studies/Islamic studies





Semester III

Course #




Digital Logic Design






Data Structures



Business Communication








Semester IV

Course #







Programming Languages-II



Operating Systems



Computer Organization and Assembly Language Programming



Data Communications and Networking





Semester V

Course #



BCS 351

Internet Programming



Artificial Intelligence



Analysis of Algorithms



Programming Languages-III



Software Engineering-I



Network Strategies






Course #




Computer Architecture



Numerical Analysis



Automata Theory



Computer Graphics



Software Engineering-II






Course #


Cred Hrs



Compiler Construction



Wireless and Mobile Communications



Software Project-I


Elective (any two)


Digital Signal Processing



E-Commerce Applications & Technologies



Expert Systems



Data Mining and Data Warehousing



Management Information System



Distributed Computing


Total Semester Cred Hrs                                                                                                       15


Course #


Cred Hrs



Software Project Management



Natural Language Processing



Software Project-II


Elective (any two)


Digital Image Processing



Network Security



Modeling and Simulation



Database Administration



Telecommunication systems



Multimedia Technologies


Total Semester Cred Hrs                                                                                                       15








  1. Only those elective courses will be offered whose teaching staff will be available.

  2. Students can select any of the two offered elective courses of their choice.

  3. Only those elective courses will be offered whose students’ strength will be 10 or above.

(The courses and semester plan can be modified subject to the decision of board of studies.)

Computer Science Courses                                                                                                           

Compulsory subjects





Fundamentals of Computers



Programming Concepts



Programming  Languages-I         



Digital Logic Design






Data  Structures






Programming  Languages-II       



Operating Systems



Computer Organization and Assembly language Programming



Data Communications and Networking



Internet Programming



Artificial Intelligence



Analysis of Algorithms



Programming  Languages-III     



Software Engineering –I



Network Strategies



Computer Architecture



Automata Theory



Computer Graphics



Software Engineering –II



Compiler construction



Wireless and Mobile communication



Software Project Management



Natural Language Processing



Software Project-I






        Cred Hrs of Compulsory Courses                                                         


Elective subjects (6 credit hours in semester 7 and 6 credit hours in semester 8)


Digital Signal Processing



E-Commerce Applications & Technologies


Expert Systems


Data Mining and Data Warehousing


Management Information System


Distributed  Computing


Digital Image Processing


Network  Security


Modeling and Simulation


Database Administration


Telecommunication System


Multimedia Technologies


       Cred Hrs of Elective Courses (four to be chosen)



       Total Cred. Hrs of Computer Science courses



Mathematics Courses

S.NO.                         Title                                                                                                                    T/Credits





Discrete Mathematics






Statistics & Probability



Numerical Analysis



Total Cred. Hrs of Mathematics courses




Natural Sciences Courses

S.NO.                       Title                                                                                                                       T/Credits








Total Cred. Hrs of Natural Sciences courses




Social Sciences Courses

S.NO.                       Title                                                                                                                       T/Credits


Functional English



Pakistan Study/ Islamic Studies



Business Communication



Total Cred. Hrs of Social Sciences courses



Department of Computer Science

University of Peshawar





Code: BCS111                                                                                                                                     Credit Hours:3

                                                                Fundamentals of Computers


Basic of Computer

  1. Introduction and history of Computers.

  2. Types of Computer

  3. Computer Organization


Computer Software

  1. Software Introduction

  2. Types of Software

  3. PC Platform.

  4. Computer Virus.


Data Processing and Storage

  1. Data Processing Techniques

  2. Data Storage (Bit, Byte, RAM, ROM, cache Memory, Secondary Storage (FDD, HDD, Tape, CD).


The Processor

  1. Bus, Port

  2. Computer Motherboard.

    1. Microprocessor

    2. Math Co-processor

    3. Memory Chip

    4. Support Chips

    5. Built-in programs

    6. Expansion Slots


Input and Output Devices.

  1. Input Devices

    1. Keyboard and its types

    2. Point and Draw devices

    3. Scanner, Digital Camera, Speech recognition system and multimedia

  2. Output Devices   

    1. Monitor(Graphic Adopter, Size, Resolution and Types of Monitors)

    2. Printers and Types (Dot matrix, inkjet and laser)

    3. Plotters (Raster and Pen)

    4. Presentation Graphics and special function terminals (ATMs POSs)



  1. Windows Introduction

  2. Finding Files, Installing Printers

  3. The Desktop and types of windows(application, document, dialog)

  4. Elements of an application window

  5. Understanding folders, copying, detecting and moving files


Word Processing (MS Word)

  1. Basic concepts and features

  2. Creating, saving, editing, formatting and printing documents

  3. Working with Tables


Electronic Spreadsheet (MS Excel)

  1. Basic concepts and features

  2. Creating, saving Excel sheet, editing the sheet

  3. Managing formula, formatting the sheet and printing the sheet

  4. Working on workbook


Basics of Internet usage

  1. Introduction

  2. World Wide Web and Web sites

  3. Introduction to Internet based services and use of E-mail.



  1. Sawyer, William, Hutchinson, Using Information Technology, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill, 2000.

  2. J. Glenn Brookshear,Computer Science: An Overview, 8th Edition, Addison-Wesley, 2005.

  3. Timothy J. O'Leary, Linda I. O'Leary, Computing Essentials, 15th Edition, McGraw-Hill's Primis Custom Publishing,2004



Code: BCS112                                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 3



Real and Complex Numbers

  1. Real Numbers

  2. Complex numbers


Functions, Limit and Continuity of a function.

  1. Functions

  2. Graphs

  3. Sequences

  4. Limit and Continuity of a function of one variable



  1. Differentiation

  2. Product and Quotient Rules

  3. Tangent

  4. Normal



  1. Chain Rule

  2. Implicit differentiation


Application of Differentiation-1

  1. Roll’s and Mean Value Theorem

  2. Taylor’s Theorem

  3. Maclaurin’s Theorem


Application of Differentiation-II

  1. Newton’s and Picard’s method and its application

  2. Maxima

  3. Minima



Indeterminate forms

  1. L’Hospital’s Rule

  2. Application of L’Hospital’s Rule



  1. Basic Integration

  2. Integration by identities

  3. Integration by substitutions

  4. Integration of trigonometric functions

  5. Integration by parts


Application of Integration

  1. Area and Volume by integration

  2. Differential Equations (Separable variables techniques)



  1. Anton Howard, Calculus, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 1999.

  2. George B.Thomas, Ross L. Finney, Maurice D. Weir, Frank R. Giordano, CALCULUS, 10th Edition, Addison Wesley Publishing Company, 2002.



Code: BCS113                                                                                                                         Credit Hours: 3

                                                Probability and Statistics



  1. Meaning of statistics

  2. Importance of statistics in various fields

  3. Population and Sample

  4. Variables

  5. Statistical data


Statistical Measures of Data

  1. Measures of Central Tendency, Mean, Median, Mode and quartiles

  2. Measures of Variation: Range, Standard Deviation, Variance and Coefficient of Variation.


Sets and Probability

  1. The concept of a Set

  2. Set Operations and Algebra of Sets

  3. Permutations and Combinations

  4. The Concept of Probability

  5. Theorems of Probability

  6. Conditional Probability


Random Variables and Probability Distribution

  1. Concepts of a Random Variable

  2. Discrete Probability Distributions

  3. Continuous Probability Distributions

  4. Joint Distribution of two random variables

  5. Mathematical Expectations


Special Probability Distributions

  1. Binomial Distribution

  2. Poisson Distribution

  3. Hypergometric Distribution

  4. Uniform Distribution

  5. Normal distribution




Sampling Theory

  1. Sampling Distribution

  2. Sampling Distribution of the Mean

  3. Sampling Distribution of the differences of means

  4. Sampling Distribution of Proportions

  5. Sampling Distribution of the Difference of Proportions


Statistical Inference

  1. Point estimation

  2. Properties of a good estimator

  3. Confidence Intervals

  4. Statistical Hypothesis

  5. Testing a Statistical Hypotheses Tests Concerning Means

  6. Tests Concerning Means

  7. Tests Concerning Difference between two Means

  8. Goodness of Fit Test and Test for Independence


Simple Linear Regression and Correlation

  1. Simple Linear Regression

  2. Least Squares estimation of the Regression Parameters

  3. Inference concerning the Regression Coefficients

  4. Linear Correlation

  5. The coefficient of correlation

  6. Properties of the coefficient of correlation



  1. Ronald E. Walpole, Introduction to Statistics, Latest edition, Macmillan Publishing Co. Inc. New York, 1999.

  2. I. Miller and J.E Freund, Probability and Statistics for Engineers, 4th Edition, Prentice Hall, 1990.


Code: BCS114                                                                                                                     Credit Hours:3

                                                                Functional English



Function                          Asking and answering questions

a)            Structure                The Present perfect

b)            Reading Guessing the meanings of words

c)             Writing   Informal letters: beginning and ending

d)            Listening                Understanding directions


Function                               Seeking Agreement and Confirmation

a)            Structure                The Present Perfect and simple past tense

b)            Reading Guessing the meanings of words

c)             Writing   Joining Sentences

d)            Listening                Listening to a narrative account


Function                               Agreeing and Disagreeing

a)            Structure                Reported Speech

b)            Reading Predicting

c)             Writing   Informal letters

d)            Listening                Giving advice



Function                               Possibility/Impossibility

a)            Structure                Conditionals

b)            Reading Skimming and Scanning

c)             Writing   Formal letters

d)            Listening                Listening to talk/lecture


Function                               Certainty/Uncertainty: obligations

a)            Structure                The Passive

b)            Reading Function in a text

c)             Writing   Formal letters

d)            Listening                Listening to an interview


Function                               Preferences/Interactions

a)            Structure                The ing form

b)            Reading Reading the main idea and supporting details in text

c)             Writing   Formal letters

d)            Listening                Listening to a talk/lecture


Function                               Permission

a)            Structure                The Past Perfect and future perfect tense

b)            Reading Classification

c)             Writing   Applying for a job

d)            Listening                Listening to a radio broadcast


Function                               Appreciation, regret and indifference

a)            Structure                Relative Clauses

b)            Reading Thermatization

c)             Writing   Note Taking

d)            Listening                to an argument


Function                               Suggesting/Warning

a)            Structure                Relative Clauses

b)            Reading Facts and Opinion

c)             Writing   Summarizing

d)            Listening                Listening to a story.



CA Exams Study Text: Modular Foundation Examination Module-A Paper A1 Functional English, 3rd Edition, Professional Business Publications, Lahore, Pakistan, 2000.


Code: BCS115                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 4

                                                Programming Concepts


Introduction to Computer Program

  1. Computer program concepts, High level languages, 4 GL

  2. Editor, Compiler, Source Program, Object Program


Computer Program Engineering

  1. Introduction, problem solving techniques, qualities of a good program

  2. Program life cycle


Computer Program Basics

  1. Basic program structure, (Input, Output, process)

  2. Constant, Variable, data types, operators, expression, statement


1/O and Debugging

                   Input/Output statements, debugging procedures, errors logical, syntax


Transfer of control structures

  1. Conditional/Conditional

  2. Simple decision (if-then-else)

  3. Complex decision(case structure/nested decision)



                       For structure, while structure, repeat structure Recursion



       Arrays (introduction, single, multidimensional


Functions and Subprograms, Recursion                        


Storage Classes

Memory Management Model

String Handling

Character testing and Data Conversion

Far pointer and VDU (Video Display Unit)

Bit wise operators


Preprocessor. Commands

Files (All access modes,) character I/O on file, line oriented I/O on file, file

Management, Non-Text file I/O

Command Line Arguments (hard coding vs flexible coding)

Calling interrupt

Re-direction Request



  1. Robert Lafore, C programming Using Turbo C++, SAMS Publishing, 1997.

  2. Mian Altafullah, C Theory & Practice.

  3. Deitel & Deitel, C How to Program, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2000.



Code: BCS121                                                                                                                     Credit hours: 4

Programming Language-I(C++)


Overview of Arrays and Functions

  1. Arrays (Fundamentals, Arrays as Class member data, as Objects, Strings)

  2. Function (Declaration, Calling, passing arguments, returning values)

  3. Function overloading inline functions.

Structures and Unions

Structures (Structure specification & definition, Accessing structure elements)


Enumerated Data Type and Storage Classes

Enumerated data declaration and use, Automatic, External and Static variables, Registers


Introduction to Objects Oriented programming

  1. Advantages of Object Oriented approach, Objects

  2. Classes, Inheritance, Reusability, creating new data types

  3. Polymorphism, overloading.


Dealing with Classes and Objects in C++

  1. Specifying and using Classes and Objects, Constructors and Destructors

  2. Objects and function argument, Returning objects from functions


Operator overloading, Inheritance, pointer, special functions, and Files & Streams

Operator overloading (Unary operators, Binary operators, Data Conversion, pilfalls)

a)            Inheritance

                1.             Derived and Base Classes, Derived Class Constructors

2.             Overriding member functions, class hierarchies, Public & Private Inheritance.

3.             Levels of Inheritance, Multiple inheritance.

b)            Pointers

                1.             Address and Pointers, Pointers and Arrays

2.             Pointers and Functions, Pointers and Strings, Memory allocation and de     allocation

c)             Some Special Types of Functions

                1.             Virtual Functions, friend functions, static functions.

d)            Files and Streams

                1.             Streams, String 1/O, Character 1/O Object 1/O with multiple objects

                2.             File pointers, Disk 1/O with member functions, error Handing

3.             Redirection of input and Output Command Line Arguments, Printer Output.



                Robert Lafore, Turbo C++, 2nd Edition, SAMS Publishing, 1997.



Code: BCS122                                                                                                                      Credit Hours: 3




  1. Vectors

  2. Vector Analysis



  1. Calculus of vectors

  2. Application of Vector Calculus


Infinite Series

  1. Sequence, Monotonic Sequence, Infinite Series

  2. Convergence, integral Tests, Convergence Test, Comparison Test

  3. Alternating Series, Conditional Convergence


Functions of Several Variables

  1. Functions of several variables

  2. Limit and continuity of function of several variables

  3. Partial derivatives


Hyperbolic Functions

  1. Hyperbolic Functions

  2. Calculus of Hyperbolic Functions


Higher Integration

  1. Reduction Formula

  2. Some more techniques of integration


Application of integration

  1. Line integral

  2. Multiple integrals

  3. Double and triple integrals


First order differential equations

                     First order differential equations


Second order differential equations

                     Second order differential equations/



  1. Antom Howard, Calculus, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 1999.

  2. George B.Thomas, Ross L. Finney, Maurice D. Weir, Frank R. Giordano, CALCULUS, 10th Edition, Addison Wesley Publishing Company, 2002.



Code: BCS123                                                                                                                     Credit Hours:3




  1. Coulomb’s Law

  2. Coulomb’s Law and its experimental verification

  3. Electric Charge

  4. Charge quantized

  5. Electric fields

  6. Gauss’ Law

  7. Electric Potential

  8. Flux of electric field, Gausses law and its application

  9. Electric potential as line integral potentials due to charge distribution, potential and field due to bipole

  10. Capacitors and dielectrics

  11. Equation of continuity

  12. Capacity of a spherical and parallel plate capacitor, polarization of matter

  13. Gausses law in dielectrics, electric susceptibility and dielectric constant

  14. Energy density of electrostatic field


Electric Current and Magnetic Fields

  1. Current and magnetic field, electric current, Ohm’s law

  2. Equation of continuity

  3. Field due to a current interaction of magnetic field with current

  4. Magnetic induction vector B. Biot Savart law

  5. Field due to a straight and circular current

  6. Ampere’s law, Ampere’s circuital theorem

  7. Fields due to a solenoid and a toroid, thermo electrically feedback

  8. Pelter and Thomson’s effect, total e.m.f in thermocouple

  9. Photo Voltaic effect pi electric effect

  10. Faraday’s law, Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction and its

  11. Differential form

  12. Self induction, self inductance of a toroidal solenoid, mutual induction

  13. Mutual inductance of toroidal solenoid

  14. Magnetic fields in matter-I, magnetization vector, the magnetic intensity

  15. Vector H

  16. Magnetic energy, dia, para and ferro magnetism phlegmatic hysteresis


Maxwell’s Equations

  1. Maxwell’s equations

  2. Maxwell’s equations, wave equations and its plane, wave solution in free pace

  3. Relation between the propagation vector

  4. Electric and magnetic vectors in a plane wave poynting vector


Halliday, D., Resnick, R., & Walker, J., Fundamentals of Physics extended, 5th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1997.


Code: BCS124                                                                                                                     Credit Hours:4

Discrete Mathematics


Logic: propositional logic, rules of propositional logic, predicate logic, symbols, tautologies, quantifiers, inference rules, Introduction to Logic Programming.

Recursion: definition, recursive function, examples of recursive functions.

Sets: terminology, operations, set identities.

Counting: sum rule, product rule, pigeon-hole principle, permutations, combinations, using trees in counting, inclusion-exclusion principle, discrete probability.

Trees and Graphs: terminology, binary trees, recursive definition of a binary tree, applications of binary trees, directed and un-directed graphs, adjacency matrix.

Boolean Algebra: Boolean operators and functions, functional completeness, combinational circuits.

Functions and Relations: types of functions, types of relations.

Regular expressions: regular grammar, context-free grammar.



K. H. Rosen, Discrete Mathematics and its Applications, 5th Edition, McGraw-Hill, 2002.

Code: BCS125                                                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 3

Pakistan Studies/Islamic Studies


Pakistan Studies


  1. Ideology of Pakistan in the historical perspective

  2. Two nation theory

  3. Pakistan movement

  4. Creation of Pakistan and role of Quaid-e-Azam

  5. Initial difficulties

  6. Islamization in Pakistan

  7. The land of Pakistan



  1. M. Ikram Rabbani, A comprehensive book of Pakistan Studies, 3rd Edition, The Caravan Press,Lahore, Pakistan,2001.

  2.  I.H. Qureshi, The struggle for Pakistan.

  3. Waheed-uz-Zaman, Towards Pakistan.

  4. K.K. Aziz, The making of Pakistan.


Islamic Studies


  1. Definition and meaning of Islam

  2. The place of Quran in Islamic World Nations

  3. The Hadith

  4. The Political System of Islam

  5. The Legal System of Islam

  6. Principles of an Islamic state and chances of their people



  1. S. Abul A’la Maududi, The Islamic Law and Constitution,12th Edition,  Islamic Publications(Pvt) Ltd, Lahore,Pakistan, 1997.

  2. Farkhanda Noor Muhammad, ISLAMIAT for Students, 2nd Edition, Ferozsons(Pvt) Ltd.Lahore, Pakistan, 2000.

  3. Anwar H. Syed Islam, Politics and National Solidarity.

  4. M.A. Hai, A handbook of Islam.

  5. Al-Quran(a contemporary translation).

  6. Ishtiaq Ahmad, The concept of an Islamic state.

  7. Dr. Ismail Al Farooqi, Jinnah and Pakistan of Islamic identify.



Code: BCS231                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 3

                                                                Digital Logic Design


Numbering Systems

  1. Number Representation, Conversion, and Arithmetic in/between Binary, Octal, Decimal, Hexadecimal Numbering Systems

  2. Complements and Complement Arithmetic, Binary Coding Schemes, Binary Logic, ICs


Boolean Algebra and Logic Gates

  1. Definitions, Theorems and Properties, Boolean Algebra theorem Proving, Duality Principle

  2. Boolean Functions, Standard and Canonical Forms of Boolean, Functions, Conversion between standard and canonical forms, Logic Gates, Implementation of Boolean Functions with AND, OR, and Not Gates.


Simplification of Boolean Functions

Simplification by Algebraic Manipulation, Map and Tabulation Methods, Boolean Function Implementation with NAND and NOR Gates.


Combinational Logic

  1. Design and Analysis Procedures for Combinational Circuits, Designing and Analyzing Adders, Subtractions, and Code Converters.

  2. EOR and ENOR Functions, their Applications and Implementations


Combinational Logic with MSI and LSI

  1. Binary Parallel Adder, Decimal Adder, BCD Adder, Magnitude Comparator, Decoders, Demultiplexors, Encoders, Multiplexers, ROMs, PLAs

  2.  Implementation of Boolean Function with Decoders, Multiplexers, ROMs, and PLAs.


Sequential Logic

  1. Introduction, Latches, Flip Flops, Types of Flip-Flops, Synchronous and Asynchronous Flip-Flops, Master-Slave and Edge-Triggered Flip-Flops.

  2. Design and Analysis Procedures for Sequential Circuits, Designing and analyzing Counters and Other Sequential Circuits, State Machines.


Registers, Counters, and Memory Unit

Registers, Counters, Timing Sequence and Memory Unit.


Asynchronous Sequential Logic

  1. Analysis Procedure, Circuits with Latches, Design procedure

  2. Reduction of State and Flow Tables, Race Free State Assignment


Digital Integrated Circuits

  1. Bipolar Transistor Characteristics, RTL and DTL Circuits

  2. Transistor-Transistor Logic, Emitter-Coupled Logic(ECL)

  3. Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS), CMOS



                Morris Mano, Digital Logic and Computer Design, Prentice Hall, 1992.


Code: BCS232                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 4



Database Foundation

  1. Introduction, Data and Information, Components, Advantages

  2. Data Association, Entities, Keys and its Types, Attributes

  3. Data Associations, Data Structure Diagram


E-R Model

      a)             Basic Constructs (Symbols), Degree of Relationships, Cardinality, Gerund

      b)             Modelling time dependent Data Super Types, sub Types


Data Models

  1. Hierarchical, Network, Relational Comparison of all Data Models

  2. Relation, Characteristics of Relation, Converting E-R Model into Relations.


Normalization (1NF, 2NF, 3NF, 4NF, 5NF)


Relational Algebra, Relational Calculus


Database Design (Conceptual Design, Physical Design)



  1. Introduction: Creating, Altering, and Deleting table

  2. Inserting, Updating, and Deleting Rows, Querying Tables

  3. SQL Functions.

    1. Arithmetic: Group (AVG, COUNT, MAX, MIN,SUM)

    2. DATE, Special Functions (IN, BETWEEN, LIKE, NULL)

  1. Managing Multiple Tables



  1. Jeffery A. Hoffer, Modern Database Management, 4th Edition, The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company Inc, 1994.

  2. Oracle Developer/2000 Forms 4.5, 2nd Edition. SAMS Publishing, 1997.



Code: BCS233                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 3

                                                Data Structures



Linear Structures: Arrays

  1. Linked implementation

  2. Odd shaped Arrays

  3. Right Triangular

  4. Isosceles triangular


Notations and their conversion (using stack)


Stacks & Queues

  1. Stacks

  2. Queues

  3. Basic Operations



  1. Linked Lists

  2. Types of Linked Lists



  1. Linked implementation

  2. Binary Trees

  3. B-Trees


Trees Traversal

  1. Basic Operations

  2. Traversals Sets



  1. Representation of directed and undirected graphs

  2. Traversals

  3. Minimum cost spanning tree



  1. File organizations: Sequential

  2. Indexed Sequential

  3. Direct (Hashing)

  4. Inverted

  5. Use of B-Tree Indexes

  6. Merging files


Sorting & Searching

  1. Internal Sorting

    1. Selection

    2. Insertion

    3. Quick, Using recursion & stack

    4. Tree

    5. Heap

  2. External Sorting

    1. Balanced Merged Sort

    2. Poly-phase Merged Sort

  3. Searching

    1. Binary Search

    2. Sequential Search for ordered and unordered list



  1. Jean-Paul Tremblay, Paul G. Sorenson, An Introduction to Data Structures with Applications, McGraw Hill Inc, 1984.

  2. Aaron M. Tenebaum, Data Structures, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 1995.


Code: BCS234                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 3

Business Communications


An Overview of Communication

  1. Defining communication, importance of communication concepts of communications.

  2. Barriers of communication, Nonverbal communication, Principles of effective communications.


Business Communication in Context

  1. Business communication and the global context.

    1. Background to international communication, and the national cultural variables.

    2. Individual cultural variables.

  2. Business communication and ethics Influences on personal ethics, communication and ethical issues.


Business communication and technology

  1. Managing information with in organization

    1. History of technological developments.

    2. Challenges to the organization made by the new technologies.

b)          E-mail and other technologies for communication

  1. Defining e-mail, using e-mail, understanding how email works.

  2. Understanding the internet, Establishing Security, Voice mail, Group ware.

  3. CD-ROM Database, Teleconference, Faxes.

  1. Managing information our sides the organization


Message design

  1. Process of preparing effective business messages

    1. Five planning steps, Basic organizational plans, Beginning and ending.

    2. Composing the message.

  2. The appearance and the design of business message business letters, memorandums, special timesaving message media

  3. Good news and natural messages

  4. Organizational plan favorable Replies, neutral messages


Written communication: Major Plans for letters and MEMOS

  1. Bad/+

  2. 123-News messages

    1. The right attitude, plans for bad news messages.

    2. Negative replies to request, Unfavorable unsolicited messages

  3. Persuasive written messages.

    1. Organization of persuasive messages.

    2. Persuasive request persuasive sales letters.


Written communication: Reports

  1. Short reports

    1. Suggestions for short reports, information memorandum reports.

    2. Analytical memorandum reports, letter reports.

  2. Long formal reports (prefatory and supplement selection, presentation of long reports

  3. Proposals (Purpose , kinds, parts, sort proposals, long formal proposals)

  4. Writing style and appearance


Strategies for oral communication

  1. Strategies for successful speaking and successful listening

    1. Strategies for improving oral presentation, Strategies for reducing stage fright.

    2. Strategies for improving listing skills.

  2. Strategies for success informative and persuasive speaking



Herta A Murphy, Herbert W. hildebrandt, Jane P. Thomas,Effective business communication, 7th edition, McGraw Hill/Irwin, 1997.

ode: BCS235                                                                                                 Credit Hours: 3



Direct Current Circuits

  1. Joules’ Law

  2. Circuit Analysis

  3. Kirehhoff’s Rules

  4. Wheatstone Bridge


Alternating Currents

  1. Sinusoidal Signals, Frequency, amplitude and phase, uns, value, power factor.

  2. Capacitive reactance

  3. Inductive reactance

  4. RL Filter

  5. RC Filter

  6. Diffenitiating and integrating factor

  7. Transient currents

  8. Transition and Diffusion Capacitance

  9. Reese Recovery Time

  10. Zener Diode

  11. Light Emitting Diode.


Diode Applications

  1. Load Line Analysis

  2. Series/Parallel and Series-Parellel Configurations.

  3. AND/OR Gates

  4. Half wave and full wave rectifier.

  5. Clippers and clampers

  6. Voltage multiplier circuits, junction.



  1. Transistor Construction

  2. Transistor Operation

  3. Different Configurations

  4. Transistor amplifying action

  5. Limits of Operations

  6. DC Biasing

  7. Fixed Bias Circuit

  8. Emitter Stabilized bias circuit

  9. Voltage Divider biased

  10. BJT transistor Modeling

  11. BJT small signal analysis



  1. Differential and Common mode operation

  2. Op-amp basic

  3. Op-amp application



James J. Brophy, Basic Electronics for Scientists, 5th Edition, McGraw Hill Publishing Company Inc, 1990.


Code: BCS241                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 3



Database Administration

  1. Introduction, Layers of Database Administration, DBA Functions and Responsibilities


Database Integrity

  1. Introduction

  2. Integrity Rules

    1. Entity Integrity

    2. referential

  1. Insertion Rule

  2. Deletion Rule (Restrict, Nullity, Cascade)

  3. Range of values, Not Null, Selection Based Entry(Radio Button, Check Boxes LOV)


Database Security

  1. Introduction

  2. Physical Security, (Locks, Logbooks, Staff, Categorization)

  3. Database Security

    1. View, authorization, Table Subject, Object, Privileges, User defined Procedures

    2. encryption


Database Recovery

  1. Introduction, Reasons of Database Failures, Database Recovery Facilities

1.             Backup Logs (Transaction Log, Database Change Log)

  1. Database Recovery Methods (Restore, Roll Forward, Roll Backward)

  2. Transaction processing


Database Concurrency

  1. Introduction, the problem of Lost Updating

  2. Concurrency Control Methods (Optimistic Approach, Pessimistic Approach)

  3. Managing the Deadlock, Transaction Integrity


Distributed Databases

  1. Introduction, Types of Distributed Databases

  2. Advantages and Disadvantages of Distributed Database


Object Oriented Databases

  1. Introduction to Object Oriented Paradigm

  2. Differences in Object Model and Design

  3. Object oriented Analysis and Design

  4. Cost and benefits of Object data bases



  1. C.J. Date, An introduction to Database, 6th Edition, Addison Wesley Company, 1983.

  2. Jeffrey A Hoffer, Database Management, 4th edition, The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company Inc, 1994.

  3. Thomas M. Connolly, Carolyn E. Begg, Database Systems: A Practical Approach To Design, Implementation And Management, 4th Edition, Addison Wesley Publishing Company, 2004.

  4. Tools: Any SQL based DBMS.

Code: BCS242                                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 4

Programming Language-II(Visual C++)



  1. Function and Class Templates, Overloading Templates, Overridding Templates

  2. Templates and Inheritance, Templates and Friend Functions


Exception Handling

Basic Bug Traps, C++ Exception Handling and Resumption


Basic GUI Programming

  1. Documents and Views, Status Bars and Tool Bars, Dialog Boxes, Controls, Property Pages and Sheets, Drawing Functions, Menus

  2. Bitmaps and Bit Operations, Printing and Previewing




ActiveX Applications and Controls

Developing ActiveX Controls and Applications


Socket Programming


Communication Among Processes

Process Synchronization, Exchange Data through Pipes and Shared Memory, Clipboards, Using OLE


Advance Programming Techniques

Database Access, SQL, Multithreading, MFC Library



Understanding Debugging, Basic Debugging Operations



  1. Ivor Horton, Beginning Visual C++6, New Edition, Wrox. Publications, 1998.

  2. Michael J.Young, Mastering Visual C++6, Sybex Inc, 1998.



Code: BCS243                                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 4

Operating Systems



  1. Definitions

  2. Evolution

  3. Structure and Functions


Process Management

  1. Processes, Process States, Process State Models

  2. Process Synchronization and Inter-Process Communication. Classical IPC Problems

  3. Process Scheduling

  4. Process Management in Windows NT and UNIX


Memory Management

  1. Real Memory Organization and Management

  2. Virtual Memory Organization: Paging, Segmentation, Combined Paging and Segmentation

  3. Virtual Memory Management: Placement, Replacement, and Fetch Strategies. Working Set Theory, Virtual Memory Management with Working Sets.


File Systems

  1. Files

  2. Directory Systems

  3. File System Implementation

  4. Security

  5. Protection Mechanisms


Input/Output Management

  1. Principles of 1/O Hardware

  2. Principles of 1/O Software

  3. Disks

  4. Clocks

  5. Terminals



  1. Resources

  2. Deadlock


  1. Deadlock Detection

  2. Deadlock recovery

  3. Deadlock Avoidance

  4. Deadlock Prevention

  5. Other issues


An overview of major Operating Systems

  1. Unix

  2. NT

  3. Windows


Distributed Operating Systems

  1. Network Operating Systems

  2. Distributed Operating System


Case Studies

  1. Unix

  2. NT

  3. Windows



  1. Deitel, H.M, An Introduction to Operating System, 2nd Edition, Addison Wesley Publishing Company, 1983.

  2. Collin Ritchie, Operating Systems, 2nd Edition, BPB Publications, 1998.

  3. Tenenbaum, Modern Operating Systems, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 1998.


Code: BCS244                                                                                                                                     Credit Hours:3

Computer Organization and Assembly Language Programming


Computer Organization

Data and Instruction Representation.


Assembly Language Programming

  1. ASCII Code Assembler Directives vs Machine Instructions.

  2. Keyboard Input and Screen Output.

  3. Addressing & Instruction Formats/types

    1. Op-code encoding.

    2. Addressing modes.

    3. Addressing types.


  1. Detailed study of different/Instruction types-I

i       Data-transfer instructions.

ii    Data transfer instructions.

iii   Arithmetic instructions.

iv     Logical instructions, program control instructions.

  1. Conversion between ASCII Strings and Binary Numbers

  2. Stack Operations

  3. Debugging

  4. Interrupts

  5. Macros

  6. Video Output

  7. Disk 1/O   Books:

Kip R. Irvine, Assembly Language for IBM PC, 2nd Edition, Macmillan Publishing Company, 1993


Code: BCS245                                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 4

Data Communications and Networking


Data transmission & Networking Concept

  1. Introduction to data communication, advantages of digital communication,

      A communication Model.

  1. Codes for digital signal transmission

  2. Parallel and serial transmission

  3. Synchronous and Asynchronous Transmission

  4. Baseband and Broadband Transmission

  5. Simplex, Half-duplex and Full-duplex transmission

  6. Modems, types of Modems, properties of modems

  7. Topologies: Bus,Star,Ring,Tree,Mesh.

  8. Need of Networks, Peer- to-Peer networks, Client- Server networks, Hybrid networks

  9. Circuit Switching, Message Switching and Packet Switching


Transmission Impairments

  1. Attenuation

  2. Delay Distortion

  3. Noise

  4. Channel Capacity


Transmission Media

  1. Guided Transmission Media, Twisted Pair, Coaxial Cable and Optical Fiber.

  2. Wireless Transmission- Terrestrial & Satellite Microwave and Broadcast Radio


Data Encoding

  1. Digital and Analog transmission.

  2. Digital Data & Digital Signals

  3. Digital Data & Analog Signals

  4. Analog Data & Digital Signals

  5. Analog data & Analog Signals


Data Communication Interface

  1. Line Configuration, Interfacing, Null Modem

  2. Point to point and multipoint link


Data Link Control

Flow Control Techniques:

  1. Polling Selection, Request to send/clear


  3. Stop & Wait

  4. Sliding Window


Error Detection/correction & Control Techniques

Error Detection and Correction Techniques:

  1. Parity bit method

  2. Vertical and horizontal redundancy checking

  3. Cyclic redundancy checking(CRC).

Error Control Techniques:

  1. Stop and Wait ARQ

  2. Go-Back-N ARQ

  3. Selective-Reject ARQ

  4. High Level Data Link Control Protocols (HDLC)



  1. Frequency Division Multiplexing

  2. Synchronous and Statistical Time Division Multiplexing

Internetworking Devices

  1. Hubs

  2. Switches

  3. Routers

  4. NICs


Network Models

  1. TCP/IP Model

  2. OSI Model


LAN Architectures

  1. Ethernet, Token Ring, FDDI, Token Bus, ARCNet, AppleTalk.



  1. William Stallings, Data and Computer Communications, 7th Edition, Prentice Hall, 2003.

  2. Behrouz A.Forouzan, Data Communications and Networking, 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill, 2003.

  3. Andrew S. Tenanbaum, Computer Networks, 4th Edition, Prentice Hall, 2002.

  4. Dr. D.C.Agarwal, Computer Communication and ISDN systems, 1st Edition, Khanna Publishers, 1989.


Code: BCS351                                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 3

Internet Programming


HTML(Hypertext Markup Language)

  1. Internet, Web and HTML Fundamentals

  2. What is HTML

  3. The World Wide Web and Web Servers

  4. Working of Web Browsers

  5. HTML’s Role on the Web

  6. Way of launching the Web Site


Creating Static Web Pages with HTML

  1. Creating a Web page and entering Text

  2. Changing and Customizations

  3. Display Text in List

  4. Adding Graphics into Web Pages

  5. Hypertext and Creating Links

  6. Issuing Links with other HTML Tags


Advance HTML

  1. Tables, Forms, Images

  2. Frames

  3. Multimedia Objects


Java Script

  1. Data types

  2. Control Structures

  3. Object & Function

  4. Event Handling


VB Script

Introduction, Data Types, Syntax, Controls, etc.


Active Server Pages


Personal Home Page


Common Gateway Interface(CGI) Script


Database Connectivity

  1. Using ASP

  2. Using CGI

  3. Using PHP



  1. Thomas A. Powell, HTML The Complete Reference, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill, 1999.

  2. Ann Navarro, Todd Stauffer, HTML by Example, 1st Edition, Que Corp, 1999.

  3. Andrew Wooldrige, Mike Morgan, Mona Everett, Scott J. Walter, Special Edition Using Java Script, Que Corp, 1997.


Code: BCS352                                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 3

                Artificial Intelligence


Basic Concepts: Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence, Branches of Artificial Intelligence.

Tools: Prolog language, LISP language, Introduction to Small Talk, Expert System Shells.

Techniques: Searching (Blind search, knowledge-directed search); Knowledge Representation (Logic, Rules, Semantic Networks, scripts).

Applications: Natural Language Processing, Expert System, Speech Processing, Computer Vision, Robotics, Neural Networks, Machine Learning.




  1. D. Partridge, Artificial Intelligence applications in the future of software engineering, International Edition, Halsted Press, 1986.

  2. Elaine Rich, Kevin Knight, Artificial Intelligence, 2nd Edition, McGraw

Hill 1990.

  1. Steven L. Tanimoto, The Elements of Artificial Intelligence: An Introduction using LISP, W.H.Freeman and Company, New York, 1987.

  2. G.A. Orban, H. H. Hagel, Artificial and Biological Vision Systems, Springer-Verlag, 1992.



Code: BCS353                                                                                                                                     Cred Hrs: 3

Analysis of Algorithm


Introduction, Properties of algorithms, features of algorithms, factors influencing the performance of algorithms (not in control of the programmer), Analysis of Algorithms, classification of algorithms, computational complexity, Asymptotic Notations, usefulness and limitations of the Asymptotic notation, Basic Recurrences, Recurrence Solutions, Factors influencing the execution time of an algorithm, some examples to calculate the T(n) of algorithms (including examples from searching and sorting), implementation of algorithms, rules for implementation, empirical  analysis, Introduction to Generation functions, system approach, algorithms and systems, dynamic programming, greedy algorithms, divide and conquer approach.




  1. Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson, Ronald L. Rivest, Clifford Stein, Introduction to Algorithms, 2nd Edition, The MIT Press, 2001.

  2. Robert Sedgewick, Philippe Flajolet, An Introduction to the Analysis of Algorithms, 1st Edition, Addison Wesley Publishing Company, 1995.



Code: BCS354                                                                                                                                     Cred Hrs: 4

Programming Language III


Introduction to Java

  1. Introduction, Data Types, Syntax etc.

  2. Writing Simple Java Console Application



  1. Introduction to AWT and Applets, Use of AWT components in Java Application

  2. Writing Simple Applets



  1. Introduction to Servlets, Servlets Life Cycle

  2. Developing Basic Servlets

  3. Using doPost, doGet, Service according to HTML Form Methods

  4. SSI (Server Side Include)

  5. Session Management


Advanced Java

  1. Packages and Interface

  2. Exceptions


Java Class Libraries

  1. Threads

  2. Writing Java Application

  3. The Java Class Libraries



  1. Jamie Jaworski, Java Developer’s Guide, Macmillan Computer Pub. 1996.

  2. Dustin R. Callaway, Inside Servlets : Server-side Programming for Java Platform, 2nd Edition, Addison Wesley Publishing Company, 2001.



Code: BCS355                                                                                                                                     Cred Hrs: 3

Software Engineering-I



  1. The Evolving Role of Software

  2. Software: A Crisis on the horizon, Software Myths


The Process

  1. Software Engineering- A Layered Technology

  2. The Software Process. Software Process Models, The Linear Sequential Model

  3. The prototyping Model, The Red Model, Evolutionary Software Process Models


Project Management Concepts

The Management Spectrum, People, The Problem, The Process.

System Engineering

  1. Computer-Based System, the Modeling Engineering Hierarchy

  2. Information Engineering, Information Strategy planning, Business Area Analysis

  3. Product Engineering, Modeling The system Architecture

  4. System Modeling and Simulation, System Specification


Analysis Concepts and Principles

  1. Requirements analysis, Communication Techniques, Analysis Principle

  2. Software Prototyping, Specification Review


Analysis Modeling

  1. A Brief History, the Elements of the analysis Model, data Modeling

  2. Functional Modeling and information Flow, Behavioral Modeling

  3. The Mechanics of STRUCTURED Analysis, The Data Dictionary

  4. An Overview of Other Classical Analysis Methods


Design Concept and Principle

  1. The Design process, Design Principles, Design Concepts, Effective Modular Design

  2. Design Heuristics for Effective Modularity, the Design Model, Design Documentation


Design Methods

  1. Data Design, Architectural Design, The Architectural Design Process

  2. Transform Mapping, Transaction Mapping, Design Post Processing

  3. Architectural Design Optimization, interface Design, Human Computer Interface Design

  4. Interface Design Guidelines, Procedural Design


Software Testing Methods

  1. Software Testing Fundamental, test case Design, White Box

  2. Basic path testing, Control Structure Testing, Black Box Testing

  3. Testing for Specialised Environments

  4. Strategies approaches to software testing and strategic issues

  5. Unit testing and Integrating testing.



                Roger Pressman, Software Engineering, 6th Edition, McGraw Hill, 1997.



Code: BCS356                                                                                                             Credit Hrs: 3

                           Network Strategies


Switching circuit and packet switching

  1. switching networks, circuit-switching networks, switching concepts

  2. Routing in circuit in switched networks, control signaling

  3. Packet switching principles, routing , congestion control,X.25 protocols


Frame relay and asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) :

  1. beak ground ,frame relay protocol architecture frame relay ,call control

  2. user data transfer, network function ,congestion  control,

  3. protocol architecture ,ATM logical connection ,ATM cells ,transmission of ATM cards

  4. ATM adaption layer , traffic and conjunction control

  5. ISDN and broad band ISDN , channels, user access ,isdn protocol, broad band



Internetworking and network security:

  1. principles of internetworking connectionless and connection oriented internetworking

  2. the internet protocol ,routing protocol,IPv4,Ipv6(IPng),ICMPv6


  1. security requirements and attacks, privacy with conventional encryption message

  2. authentication and hash function ,public key encryption and digital signatures

  3. NetBIOS Names, NetBIOS background and names


Protocols and architecture:

  1. Internet protocol address resolution protocols(ARP)

  2. Internet control message  protocol(ICMP)

  3. Internet group management protocol(IGMP)

  4. Border gateway protocol (BGP).

  5. Routing information protocol (RIP), Open shortest path first (OSPF),


Transport protocol

  1. Transport layer , transport services, protocol mechanisms

  2. Transmission control protocol, TCP header

  3. User data gram protocol, UDP header

  4. Ports and sockets


Network/Data Link Control protocol and Microsoft networking protocol suite:

  1. High level data link control protocols (HDLC), Serial Line Internet Control protocol (SLIP), Point –to-point protocol (PPP)

  2. Application /file System driver, Transport driver interface

  3. Protocol (TCP/IP, NW link, NetBEUI, AFP, DLC), network driver interface specification (NDIS)


Distributed application protocol:

  1. Abstract syntax notation one (ASN 1), network management –SNMPV2

  2. Electronic mail –SMTP and MIME



 a) Uniform resource locators (URL) and Universal resource identifiers (URI).



  1. Hypertext transfer protocol(HTTP),Dynamic host configuration protocol (DHCP)

      File transfer protocol(FTP),TFTP



  1. William Stallings, Data and Computer Communications, 5th Edition, Prentice Hall, 1994.

  2. Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Computer Networks, 2nd  Edition, Prentice Hall Inc, 1995.



Code: BCS361                                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 3

Computer Architecture


Computer Architecture Introduction

  1. Introduction to Computer Architecture

  2. Evolution of computers (form Mechanical to Electronic)


Basics of Computer Architecture

  1. Hardware and firmware

  2. Basics of computer architecture

  3. Introduction

  4. Computer structure

  5. Type of computers and future trend computer instruction se


Detailed Study of different Instruction types

  1. 1/0 instructions reduced instruction sets computers

  2. case study: RISC (University of California Berkeley)




  1. Introduction to Execution unit (EU)

  2. Register sections

  3. General register design

  4. Combinatorial Design of Adders


ALU Design & BIT SLICE Processor Control Unit

  1. ALU design

  2. BIT SLICE Processor Control Unit

    1. Basic concept

    2. Design Methods (Hardware control design and micro programmed control unit)


Memory Organization

  1. Primary memory design (ROM/RAM)

  2. Secondary memory (Hard disk, floppy disk, CD-ROM) Cache Memory, Virtual Memory Management


Input/Output Design

  1. Cache Memory

    1. Associative mapping

    2. Direct mapping

  2. Segmentation and Mapping, and input / output design

    1. Programmed I/O

    2. Standard I/O unconditional programmed I/O

    3. Interrupt I/O

    4. Computer Organization

    5. Microprocessor and its supports circuitry

    6. Peripheral devices


1.     M. Moris Mano, Modern Computer architecture, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, 1992.

2.     William Stallings, Computer Organization and Architecture, 3rd Edition, Macmillan Publishing Company, 1993.



Code: BCS362                                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 3

Numerical Analysis


Error Analysis

  1. Definition of error, Sources of error, Significant digits, Precision and accuracy

  2. Effect of Rounding errors in arithmetic operations, Numerical Cancellation

  3. Evaluation functions by series expansion and estimation of errors


Non-Linear Equations

  1. Methods to solve Non-Linear equations, Simple interactive procedure

  2. Acceleration of convergence, Newton’s Raphons Methods, the Bisection method

  3. The Secant methods, methods of False portion, Multiple Roots, Zeros of Polynomials


Linear System of Equations

  1. Basic concept, Methods to solve a system of linear equations, Cramer’s rule

  2. Guassian elimination method, Triangular decomposition method

  3. Triangular decomposition for symmetric matrices

  4. Solution of Tridiagonal system of equation, Jacobi’s method, Guass-seidel method




Finite Differences

  1. Difference table, Detection and correction of error in a difference table

  2. Forward difference operator, Backward difference operator, Central difference operator

  3. Shift operator, Mean operator, Relationship between operators



  1. Choice of a / suitable interpolation Formula

  2. Type of interpolation Formulas for Equally-paced data points

  3. Type of interpolation Formulas for Unequally – spaced data points

  4. Newton’s Forward Difference interpolation Formula

  5. Newton’s Backward Difference interpolation Formula

  6. Interpolation with Central Difference Formula, Stirling’s interpolation Formula

  7. Bessel’s Interpolation Formula, Everett’s interpolation Formula

  8. Guassian Interpolation Formula, Lagrange’s Formula Iterative, Interpolation Method

  9. Error Estimation in Interpolation


Numerical Differentiation

  1. Derivation of Differentiation Formulas, Relationship Between Operator

E and D

  1. Derivatives Using Newton’s Forward Difference Formula

  2. Derivatives Using Newton’s Backward Difference Formula

  3. Derivatives Using Central Difference Formula


Numerical Integration-I

  1. Derivative of Integration Formulas, Trapezoidal Rule, Simpson’s 1/3rd Rule

  2. Boole’s Rule, Weddle’s Rule, Estimation of error in some Newton-cotes formula

  3. Error in Trapezoidal Rule, Error in Simpson’s 1/3rd Rule, Automatic Subdivision of Interval


Numerical Integration-II and Ordinary Differential Equation

  1. Repeated use of Trapezoidal Rule, Romberg’s Integration Method

  2. Ordinary Differential Equations

    1. Classification of differential equations, Categories of ODEs

    2. Linear and Non-Linear ODEs, Boundary Conditions, Methods to solve ODEs,

    3. Numerical Methods to solve ODEs, Picard’s Method 

  3. Taylor Series Methods, Euler’s Methods and bariations


Ordinary Differential Equations

  1. Runge-Kutta Methods, Predictor-Corrector Methods

  2. Milne-Simpson Predictor-corrector Method, Adams-bashforth

  3. Adams-Moulton Method

  4. Solution of simultaneous and Higher-order ordinary differential equations

  5. Solution of First order Simultaneous differential equations, Solution of an nth order differential equations



Richard L. Burden, Faires J. Douglas, Numerical Analysis, 5th Edition, PWS-KENT Publishing Company, 1993.



Code: BCS363                                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 3

Automata Theory


Regular Languages

Regular Grammars


Finite-State Automata


Compiler-Writing Tools

Lex, Yacc, etc


Transducers and Relationship among Them


Context-Free Languages and Grammars


Language Recognition



Properties of Formal Languages


Turning Computability and Undesirability



  1. Dean Kellye, Automata and Formal Languages: An Introduction, 1st Edition, Prentice Hall, 1998.

  2. Dexter C.Kozen, Automata and Computability, 1st Edition, Springer Verlag, 1987.

  3. M.W.Shields, An Introduction to Automata Theory (Computer Science Texts), Alfred Waller Ltd, 1988.



Code: BCS364                                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 4

Computer Graphics



  1. Introduction, Pints and Lines

  2. Planes and Co-Ordinates, Lines Segments


Fundamentals (Continued)

  1. Perpendicular Lines, Vectors, Pixels and Frame Buffers

  2. Vector Generation Character Generation, Displaying The Frame Buffer


Graphic I/O Device

  1. Calligraphic Refresh Display

  2. Raster Refresh Display

  3. Keyboard

  4. Graphic Tablet


Drawing Algorithms

  1. Lines

  2. Bresenham’s Algorithm

  3. Curves

  4. Rectangle

  5. Rounded Rectangles


2-D Transformations

a)            Uses for Transformations

b)            Modeling, Mapping

c)             2-D Co-Ordinate Transformations

d)            Matrix Representation

e)             Homogeneous Co-Ordinates


3-D Transformations and Projections

a)            Parallel and Perspective Projections

                b)            Rotations


Scan Conversion Techniques

  1. Real – Time Scan Conversion

  2. Run – Length Encoding



  1. Inside Test

  2. Algorithm for Filling Polygons

  3. Seed Fill Algorithms

  4. Inclusion of Polygons as Graphics System Primitive


Clipping and Windowing

  1. Viewing Transformation

  2. Specification of Window and View Port

  3. Clipping Algorithms

  4. Sutherland-Cohen Algorithm for Clipping Lines

  5. Sutherland-Hodgman Algorithm for Clipping Polygons

  6. Addition of Clipping

  7. Windowing to Graphic System



Harrington, Computer Graphics: A Programming Approach, McGraw Hill, 1983.



Code: BCS365                                                                                                                     Credit Hours: 3

Software Engineering-II



Object Oriented Analysis and Design


  1. Introduction & Definitions

  2. OO Modeling Concepts

  3. OO Developments


Modeling as a Design Technique

  1. Object Modeling Technique


Object Modeling

  1. Objects & Class

  2. Links & Associations

  3. Generalization & Inheritance

  4. Grouping Constructs

  5. Aggregation

  6. Abstract Class

  7. Multiple Inheritance, Meta Data, Candidate Key


Dynamic Modeling

  1. Events & States.

  2. Operations, Nested State Diagram

  3. Concurrency, Advanced Dynamic Modeling Concepts


Functional Modeling

  1. Functional Models, DFD

  2. Specifying Operations, Constraints

  3. Relation of Functional to Object and Dynamic Model


Design Methodology

  1. Methodology review

  2. OMT as Software Engineering Methodology

  3. OMT Methodology, Impact of OO approach


System Design

  1. Overview of System Design

  2. Breaking of System into Sub Systems

  3. Identifying Concurrency

  4. Allocating Subsystems to Processors and Tasks

  5. Management of Data Store

  6. Handling Global Recurs

  7. Choosing Software Control Implementation

  8. Handling Boundary Conditions

  9. Settling Traded-off Priorities

  10. Common Architectural Framework

  11. Architecture of ATM System



  1. Form Design to Implementation

  2. Implementation using programming languages

  3. Implementation using Database System

  4. Implementation using Outside a Computer


OO Testing

  1. Testing OOA and Models

  2. OO Testing Strategies

  3. Test Case Design for OO Software

  4. Testing methods applicable at class levels

  5. Inter class test case design


Object Diagram Compiler

  1. Background

  2. Problem Statement

  3. Analysis

  4. System Design

  5. Object Design

  6. Implementation



  1. James Rumbaugh, Object Oriented Modeling and Design, 6th Edition, Prentice Hall International, 2000.

  2. Craig Larman, Applying UML and Patterns: An introduction to Object-Oriented analysis and Design, 2nd  Edition, Prentice Hall International, 2001.

  3. James R.Rumbaugh, Michael R.Blaha, William Premerlani, Frederick Eddy, William Lorensen,Object Oriented Modeling and Design with UML, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2004.



Code: BCS471                                                                                                                                     Cred Hrs: 3

Compiler Construction


Compiler and Interpreters

  1. Compiler

  2. Interpreter


Compilation Process


Organization of Compiler




  1. Lexical

  2. Syntax

  3. Semantic


Symbol Tables



  1. Top-Down Recognizer

  2. Bottom up recognizer


Error Detection and Recovery


Storage Allocation


Code Generation Code Optimization

  1. Code Generation

  2. Code Optimization



  1. Elder and John, Compiler Construction A Recursive Descent Model, Prentice Hall International, 1994.

  2. Alfred V. Aho, Principles of Compiler Design, Addison Wesley, 1977.

Code: BCS472                                                                                                                                     Cred Hrs: 3

Wireless and Mobile communications


Principles of wireless communication

1) Technologies used for wireless communications.

2) Major wireless standards.

3) The problems characterising wireless and mobile computing.

4) Limitations of the wireless technology.


Wireless networks

  1. The main components of a Wireless LAN.

  2. Modes of Operation for Wireless LANs (Infrastructure Mode, Adhoc Mode).

  3. Compatibility of different technologies.

  4. Main components of a satellite-based network.


Wireless LANs Standards

802.11 and its flavors (802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g), HIPERLAN.


Characteristics of radio propagation

Fading, Multipath propagation


Narrowband digital modulation

The need for modulation. Binary and multi-level (M-ary) amplitude-shift keying (ASK), frequency-shift keying (FSK) and phase-shift keying (PSK).


Mobile computing

Introduction, need for mobile computing.


Radio Channel Characterisation
Multipath propagation, Co-channel interference, Exponential power delay profile, Propagation effects - scattering, ground reflection, fading, Log-normal shadowing, Coherence Bandwidth.

PHY Layer techniques

Wideband modulation techniques to cope with intersymbol interference (Diversity, Spread Spectrum, Frequency Hopping, Direct Sequence, Adaptive Equalisation, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing).

MAC protocols
MAC protocols for digital cellular systems such as GSM. MAC protocols for wireless LANs such as IEEE802.11 and HIPERLAN I and II. The near far effect. Hidden and exposed terminals. Collision Avoidance (RTS-CTS) protocols.


The Cellular Concept--System Design Fundamentals
Frequency reuse, Reuse distance, Cluster size, Channel assignment strategies, Handoff strategies, Co-channel interference and system capacity, Trunking and grade of service
Wideband CDMA concept/principles
Example:-Global System for Mobile W-CDMA(3G) UMTS.


Protocols supporting mobility

1) The functions of the main protocols for mobile stations

  1. Mobile network layer protocols such as mobile-IP, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP).

  2. Mobile transport layer protocols such as mobile-TCP, indirect-TCP.

  3. Wireless Application Protocol (WAP). Bluetooth.

2) Understand the range of applicability of each protocol



  1. J.Schiller, Mobile communications, 2nd Edition, Addison-Wesley, 2003.

  2. T.S. Rappaport, Wireless communications: Principle and Practice, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2001.

  3. A S. Tanenbaum, Computer Networks, 4th Edition, Prentice Hall, 2002.

  4. William Stallings, Wireless Communications and Networks, 1st Edition, Prentice Hall, 2001.



Code: BCS473                                                                                                                                     Cred Hrs: 3

Software Project-I

Code: BCS474                                                                                                                                     Cred Hrs: 3

Digital Signal Processing

Digital Signal Processing and DSP Systems

Need for DSP

Advantages of DSP Systems


A Model of a DSP System


Signal Conditioning

Anti-Aliasing Filters

Analog-to-Digital Converter


Digital-to-Analog Converter

Output Smoothing Filter

Output Transducer

DSP Processors

DSP Format Types

Alternative Formats for Commercial DSP Processors


How Numbers are processed in a DSP


Transcendental Functions

Series Expansions



Oscillatory Motion

Complex Numbers


Acquisition of the Signal

Sampling Theory

Sampling Resolution




Application Examples-Filters


Sample Filter

Types of Filters





Fourier Series

Insights to be gained from Fourier series

Fourier Series

Nyquist Frequency


Orthogonality and Quadrature

Orthogonality – Basic Building Blocks of DSP

Quadrature – Signal 90 degrees of phase with each other



The Z- Transform

DFT – Discrete Fourier Transform

Laplace Transform


Finite Impulse Response Filter – FIR

What is it?



Design Methodology

Design Examples



Infinite Impulse Response Filter – IIR

What is it?



Design Methodology

Design Examples


DSP Tools

Programming Language

        Mathematical Tools

        Special Purpose Tools

        Development Package


DSP and the Future

New User

DSP Directions

Future Technologies


  1. John G. Proakis, Dimitris Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms and Applications, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, 1995.

  2. Robert D. Strum and Donald E. Kirk, First Principles of Discrete System and Digital signal Processing, Addison Wesley, 1998.



Code: BCS475                                                                                                             Cred Hrs: 3


                 E-Commerce Applications and Technologies



Fundamentals of E-Commerce Technologies: An overview of the principles of E-Commerce. The origin and growth of E-Commerce. Technologies that support the development of E-Commerce applications. Business models and strategies for E-Commerce. Legal issues related to E-Commerce such as privacy, consumer rights and intellectual property.

Electronic Payments Systems: Electronic money, electronic contracts, micro-payments, authenticity, integrity and reliability of transactions, the encryption and digital signature techniques available to support secure transactions on the internet.

Cryptography, Information Security and E-Commerce: Symmetric cryptography, Asymmetric cryptography, Digital signature, one-way hashing, zero-knowledge proof, certificate and certificate authority. Secure information infrastructure, virtual private network (VPN), online shopping and payment systems, e-crash. Economic impact. Smart card, steganography, time stamping. Cryptanalysis technology. Authentication protocols, analysis and evaluation.

Distributed Systems and Software: Architectural models for distributed systems, server techniques, remote procedure call and multicast communication, emerging standard and platforms (CORBA, DCOM), distributed transactions, concurrency control, reliability and security issues.         

Network and Web Programming: Client-server system design; interprocess communication; sockets; blocking and nonblocking I/O; multithreaded process; iterative and concurrent server designs; Web programming includes HTML, JAVA, Web page design and construction.

Open Systems for E-Commerce: Introduction to open system standards and protocols. Transaction protocols. Electronic commerce applications using open system and artificial intelligence technologies. Application of intelligent agents for automated transaction processing. Integration of Web programming techniques with information and communication systems.

Project in E-Commerce Technologies: An individual or a team project on E-Commerce technologies. *Project in E-Commerce Technologies are designed to allow students to gain first hand experience in studying and developing real-world systems for E-Commerce. These could be conducted either individually or by teamwork. Possible projects include, but are not limited to: On-line Banking and Financial Systems Supply Chain, Web-based Forecasting and pricing Electronic Payment Systems, Internet Shopping, Virtual Store or Virtual Campus, Electronic Office, Cryptography Servers, Security Fire Wall, Network Management and Quality of Service, Distributed System Technologies in CORBA or DCOM,

HTML(Hypertext Markup Language): Internet, web & HTMLK Fundamentals, The world Wide Web & Web Servers,

Creating Static Web Pages with HTML:

Advanced HTML:

Java Script: Data Type, Control Structures, Object & Function, Event Handling,

VB Script: Introduction, Data Types, Syntax, Control, etc,

Active Server Pages:

Common Gateway Interface (CGI) Script:

Database Connectivity: Using ASP, Using CGI,



  1. Ann Navarro, Todd Stauffer, HTML by Example, 1st Edition, Que Corp, 1999.

  2. Andrew Wooldrige, Mike Morgan, Mona Everett, Scott J. Walter, Special Edition Using Java Script, Que Corp, 1997.



Code: BCS476                                                                                                                             Cred Hrs: 3                                                   Expert Systems


Introduction, The Principles of operation of expert systems, State transition model: Expert system models: Planning actions, solving a problem, diagnosis, Producing advice; how to backtrack; a structure for expert system. 

The structure of state spaces: connectivity, form; the implicit description of state spaces; search: depth and breadth first search.

Functions for handling lists: functions for search; best first search.

Eliciting knowledge from on expert: interviewing, examples, problem solving, psychological techniques.

Knowledge representation schemes: rules, semantic nets, logic, frames.

Some existing expert systems: MYCIN, DENDRAL, MACSYMA, PROSPECTOR.

Characteristics of knowledge-bases systems, features of problem solvers, Architectural principals.

The choices of system (language/package) production pit falls.



Gary Marshall, Advanced Students’ Guide to Expert Systems, Heinemann Newnes Publications, Oxford, 1990.

Code: BCS477                                                                                                                             Cred Hrs: 3                        

Data Mining & Data Warehousing

Features of a data warehouse. Transformation Process. Multidimensional queries. Data warehousing job functions. Data warehousing operations: Hash join processing, bitmapped indexes, star queries, parallel processing, read-ahead mechanisms. Data Mining: Benefits. Data Mining Techniques: Association, discovery, classification, clustering. Data Marts: Stand along data marts, subset data marts, multidimensional database. Queries against data mart. Data Mining Tools.



  1. Alex Berson, Stephen J. Smith, Data Warehousing, Data Mining, and OLAP (Data Warehousing/Data Management), Computing McGraw Hill, 1997.

  2. George M. Marakas, Modern Data Warehousing, Mining and Visualization: Core Concepts, 1st Edition, Prentice Hall, 2002.

  3. Margaret H. Dunham, Data Mining: Introductory and Advanced Topics, 1st Edition, Prentice Hall, 2002.



Code: BCS478                                                                                                                             Cred Hrs:3

Management Information System

Information systems, strategic role of information systems, organizations and business process, information management and decision making, ethical and social impact of IS. Computers and IS Software and hardware data resources and telecommunication ensuring quality in information system, enhancing decision making. Accounting, Executive, Decision support, Management Marketing Information Systems. Controlling and managing international information system.



  1. Kenneth C. Laudon, Jane P. Laudon, Management Information Systems, 8th Edition, Prentice Hall, 2003.

  2. James A. O'Brien, Management Information Systems: Managing Information Technology in the E-Business Enterprise,6th Edition, McGraw Hill, 2003.

  3. Raymond McLeod, George Schell, Management Information Systems,

 9th Edition, Prentice Hall,2003.



Code: BCS479                                                                                                                             Cred Hrs:3

Distributed Computing


Introduction to Distributed Computing. Architectures and interaction mechanisms. Remote procedure Calling (RPC). SunRPC and its application using Linux. Distributed Object Technology (DOT). Java RMI. COBRA using Java as programming Language. Knowledge representation issues. XML and SOAP. Service Description, Advertisement and Discovery. Load balancing. Transaction management. Fault Tolerance and Recovery Mechanisms. Agent Theory.



  1. George Coulouris, Jean Dollimore, Tim Kindberg, Distributed Systems: Concepts and Design, 3rd Edition, Addison Wesley, 2000.

  2. M.L. Liu, Distributed Computing: Principles and Applications, 1st Edition, Addison Wesley, 2003.

  3. Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Maarten van Steen, Distributed Systems: Principles and Paradigms, 1st Edition, Prentice Hall, 2002.


Code: BCS481                                                                                                                             Cred Hrs: 3

Software Project Management

Introduction to Software Project Management

  1. Introduction, the increasing Demand for Software

  2. The Role of Management in Software Development

  3. Gaining acceptance for New Development Procedures


Software Development Problems

Basic Problem, Risk analysis


Software Development under Contract

  1. The Customer-Developer Relationship, the Cost-Pls vs Fixed Price Dilemma

  2. Other Customer-Developer Relationships, the Request for Proposal (RFP)

  3. The Proposal, F) the Proposal Review and STECTION Process, the Proposal Selection Board

  4. Proposal Evaluation Methods Some Additional Proposal Considerations



The Software Development Cycle

  1. Variations on a Waterfall Theme, the concept Phase, the Software Requirements Phase

  2. The Design Phase, the Implementation Phase, the Integration Test Phase

  3. The Atmosphere During the Integration and Test phase

  4. Problems During the Integration and Test Phase

The Maintenance Phase

  1. The Atmosphere During the Maintenance Phase, Problem During the Maintenance Phase

  2. IEEE standrad1074: a standard for Software Life Cycle process

  3. The Selection of the Project software Life Model Project Management Processes

  4. Pre-Development Process, Development Process, Post-Development process

  5. Integral Processes


Managing Software Engineering and handling Large Projects

  1. The Software Project Organizational Structure, the Team Structure

  2. Basic reporting Techniques, Status Report, Project Status meetings

  3. General Guidelines for Managing Software Engineers, Large Need Not Mean Difficult

  4. Stepwise Refinement, the Work Breakdown Structure, Handling Large Project


Software Project Management in a Clint/Server Environment

  1. An Introduction to Clint/Server Environments, the Network

  2. Project Management Advantages and Disadvantage of a Clint/Server Environment

  3. Selecting a Clint/Server Environments, Project Management

  4. Tips for Managing Clint/Server Environments


Project Support Functions & Software Development Standards

  1. Project management Support, Software Configuration Control (SCC)

  2. Software Quality Assurance (SQA), Development Standard: the Necessary Evil

  3. An Overview of Software Development Standards, US DOS Standard 2167

  4. The IEEE Software Engineering Standards, European Software Standards

  5. The Ada standards, Other software Development Standards


Project Scheduling and Preparation of Estimates

  1. Scheduling: the Problem, the Project Development Plan, Scheduling Activities and Milestones

  2. Gantt Charts, PERT Charts and the Critical Path, Scheduling Personnel

  3. Scheduling Resources, Monitoring and updating the Schedule

  4. Some General Guideline for Scheduling and Planning

  5. Estimation the Problem, Project Estimates Stepwise Estimation

  6. Estimating New Development, the Constructive Cost Model

  7. Function Point Analysis, the Constructive Cost Model (COCOMO)

  8. Non-Development Overhead



Edwin M. Bennatan, Software Project Management: A Practitioner’s Approach, 2nd Edition, Computing McGraw-Hill, 1992.

Code: BCS482                                                                                                                             Cred Hrs: 3

                                                        Natural Language Processing



Monolingual Natural Language Processing:

Difference between natural and formal languages.

Natural language understanding: syntax, semantics, phonetics, morphology, discourse analysis. anaphora/cataphora, cohesion/coherence, ellipses, ambiguity (structural, lexical, transient, discourse).

Natural language Generation: steps in generation.

Natural Language Interfaces.


Machine Translation:

Translation steps: analysis, transfer and generation.

Translation Strategies: direct translation, interlingua and transfer.

Types: Bilingual, Multi-lingual.

Dictionary design: monolingual, bilingual.

Units of translation: word, sentence, discourse.

Some operational and R&D machine translation systems.

Speech translation, benefits of machine translation, integration of machine translation to other fields of computer science, Urdu, Pashto and machine translation.



  1. Terry Winograd, Understanding Natural language, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1972.

  2. M. A. Khan, Text Based Machine Translation, 1995.

  3. Daniel Jurafsky and James H. Martin, SPEECH and LANGUAGE PROCESSING: An Introduction to Natural Language Processing, Computational Linguistics and Speech Recognition, Pearson Education,Inc, 2000.


       Code: BCS483                                                                                                                              Cred Hrs: 3

Software Project-II

       Code: BCS484                                                                                                                              Cred Hrs: 3

Digital Image Processing


                                Images as Digital Objects

                                Images Storage and Display

                                Image Acquisition

                                Image Types and Application


                Bi-Level Images

                                Usefulness of Bi-Level Images

                                Connectivity and Geometry

                                Measurable Properties of Regions




                                                Moments – Center of Mass

                                                Simple Shapes

                                                Derivative and Complex Shape Measures

              Operations on Bi-Level Image

                                                Boundary enhancement

                                                Erosion and dilation


                                                Chain Code

                                                Run-Length Coding


Grey-Level Images

                                Introduction to Multiple Levels and Histograms


                                                Selecting a Single Threshold

                                                Selecting Multiple Threshold

                                                Grey-Level Modification

                                                Line and Edges

                                Geometric Operation




Classifying and Recognizing Object


                                Statistical Pattern Analysis

                                Decision Functions

                                Template Matching

                                Structural Methods

  1. Representing Relationship

  2. Identifying Components


Counting and Classifying Objects

                                Counting Simple Objects

                                Classifying Seeds

                                Classifying Galaxies

                                Detecting Forged Signatures


Computer Readable Codes

                                The Universal Product Code

                                Fonts for Machine Readable Text

                                Reading Printed Text

                                The General OCR Problem


                                Scientific Images

                                Chromatography and DNA Sequencing: Biology

                                Stellar Image: Astronomy

                                Voyager Image Color Synthesis

                                Making Distance Measurements: Archaeology



  1. J. R. Parker, Practical Computer Vision Using C, John Wiley & Sons, 1993.

  2. R. C Gonzalez and R. E. Woods, Digital Image Processing, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1992.


Code: BCS485                                                                                                     Cred Hrs: 3

Network Security


Principles and practices of Network Security, potential threats in connected environment and strategies to avoid, classical and contemporary cryptographic theories, cryptography as a tool to secure network communication, Odern SPN ciphers, block and stream ciphers. DES algorithm and public key cryptography. Linear cryptanalysis, key distribution and management, digital signatures and authentication.Data communication security protocols like IPSec, SSL etc. Secure voice communications, viruses and worms, denial of service attacks, firewalls. Digital Cash. Bio Authentication Algorithms.



  1. Mark Rhodes-Ousley, Roberta Bragg, Keith Strassberg, Network Security: The Complete Reference, 1st Edition, McGraw Hill, 2003.

  2. Eric Maiwald, Network Security: A Beginner’s Guide, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill Osborne Media, 2003.


Code: BCS486                                                                                                     Cred Hrs: 3                                                                                         Modeling and Simulation

Introduction to OPNET: Introduction, Tool Environment, System Buttons, Tools, Online Documentation.

Introduction to Network Simulation:M/M/1 Queue Example, objectives, M/M/1 Queue Extensions.

Automatic Request Repeat (ARQ) Protocols: Objectives, Preparation, Stop and Wait, Go-Back-N, Selective Repeat, Conclusions.

Multiple Access Protocols: Objectives, Preparation, Aloha, CSMA, Ethernet, Token Ring, Conclusions.

Frame Relay: Objectives, Preparation, Network Model, Specify Probes, Prepare a simulation Set Object, Conclusions, extensions.

Fiber Distributed Data Interface: Objectives, Network Model, Specify Probes, Simulation, Execution and Result Analysis, Conclusions.

Job Service Disciplines: First-in-First-out, Priority Job Discipline, Preempt and Resume, Processor sharing, Shortest –job First discipline, Conclusions.



  1. Modeling and Simulation Communication Networks: A hands on Approach Using OPNET, 1st Edition, Prentice Hall Inc, 1998.

  2. Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Computer Networks, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, 1996.


 Code: BCS487                                                                                                    Cred Hrs: 3                                                Database Administration

Data administration objectives and functions. Data dictionary: Management uses and features. Developing a Data Dictionary System. Database security: Threats Analysis, Cryptographic controls. Database Integrity. Auditing of databases. Evaluation of Controls. Case histories.



  1. Craig S. Mullins, Database Administration: The Complete Guide to Practices and Procedures, 1st Edition, Addison Wesley Professional, 2002.

  2. Jeffery A.Hoffer, Mary Prescott, Fred McFadden, Modern Database Management, 7th Edition, Prentice Hall, 2004.


     Code: BCS488                                                                                                Cred Hrs:3

Telecommunication systems

Introduction to media, bandwidth and noise, twisted pair (UTP, STP), coaxial cables (types and specification), optical fibers (types), introduction to optical sources and detectors, microwave links, satellite communication and infrared links, switching, circuit and packet switching, introduction to mobile and cellular communication, block diagram and current trend.

Analog modulation schemes: AM, DSBSC, SSB, FM and PM; FDM and FDMA concepts; carrier frequency recovery and phase locked loop. Analog Mobile System (AMPS). Partial digital systems, PAM, PCM, DPCM, Delta Modulation. Frame synchronization. Telephone systems(TDM); Digital satellite systems(TDMA).Simple Digital systems: Binary modulation, QPSK, Binary FSK. Digital Mobile Systems (GSM, CDMA and GPRS). Satellite Mobile Systems. Simple network concepts, Telephone network.



  1. Annabel Z. Dodd, The Essential Guide to Telecommunications, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall incorp, 1999.

  2. William Stallings, Data and Computer Communications, 5th Edition, Prentice Hall, 1994.

  3. Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Computer Networks, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall Inc, 1995.


Code: BCS489                                                                                                     Cred Hrs: 3          Multimedia Technologies


Introduction to multimedia programming, scope of multimedia programming, convention and trends, media used in current application (including digital video, audio, and graphics), system level issues of performance synchronization, storage and server schemes, dynamic Interactivity, hyperlinking, multimedia, device control, distributed media development and delivery, non-standard media and programming frame works, introduction to multi-media networks.                       


  1. Stephen M. Alessi, Stanley R. Trollip, Multimedia for Learning: Methods and Development, 3rd Edition, Allyn & Bacon, 2000.

  2. Richard E. Mayer, Multimedia Learning, New Edition, Cambridge University Press, 2001.